全国首个跨入4G时代的城市,杭州还能在5G独领风骚?

Release time:2017-04-21
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source:杭州网
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2012年,杭州成为全国首个跨入4G时代的城市,4G网络的到来为杭州城市发展插上了“翅膀”;2017年,5G成为热门关键词,杭州是否依然能够独领风骚,走在全国前列?

移动4G网络开启杭州速度

2012年,杭州移动率先推出4G网络商用体验,使杭州成为全国首个跨入4G时代的城市。

“在每一个通信新时代当中,杭州一直走在全国前列。”中国移动杭州分公司网络部规划主管岑曙炜参与了诸多历史性时刻,从2001年走进公司至今,岑曙炜已经伴随移动通信行业成长了16个年头,他经历了从一个普通职工到公司技术专家的飞跃,也见证了杭州从进入互联网时代到2G、3G、4G网络时代。

2015年5月,杭州移动实现所有行政村4G网络全覆盖,标志着杭州成为全国首批从“语音村村通”跨入“信息高速公路村村通”的城市。

记者在采访时了解到,杭州桐庐一个名为芦茨村的小山村,借助移动光宽带和4G,从落后的小山村成为休闲度假区;在临安市昌化镇白牛村,当地农民依托着特色山核桃这颗“摇钱树”,搭载移动4G,踏上了电商致富路。

2015年8月,杭州率先实现“4G+高清语音和网络加速”商用。高清语音,网速倍增,这就相当于以前跑慢车道的语音搭上了高速公路,以前跑高速公路的数据传输可同时跑在N条并行高速上。

2016年,G20杭州峰会召开,在这关键时刻,强有力的网络支撑,让各国嘉宾都体验到我们的网络水平,为我国的自主创新技术打出一张国家新名片,也为杭州移动4G发展蓝图新添了浓墨重彩的一笔。

G20杭州峰会期间,移动全面实现了峰会区域内移动通信网络话音与数据的无缝覆盖。高速、稳定、安全的4G+网络不仅保障了数以千计嘉宾顺畅高速上网,还协助各国新闻记者通过手机实现了精彩的“新媒体直播”大比拼。

岑曙炜告诉记者,4G网络已在杭州全面覆盖,在“织网”的同时,杭州分公司网络部还要负责考虑如何去满足用户的当前和未来的需求,将用户的网络需求和网络技术相衔接,更好地让这张“网”落地。

如今,杭州作为“中国电子商务之都”,从城市到农村,各行各业都离不开快速发展的网络。杭州作为全国4G发展领跑城市,目前移动用户达到了1000多万,共有15000多个基站站点。

5G万物互联,杭州或最早“尝鲜”

2017年,5G成为热门关键词。5G网络将比4G网络快10倍甚至100倍,不仅将进一步提升用户的网络体验,同时还将满足未来万物互联的应用需求。5G到底什么时候来,它究竟能给我们带来什么?

岑曙炜说,5G是一个全连接的网络社会。提供人与人、人与物及物与物之间高速、安全和自由的联通,可以随时随地接入网络获取信息和分享信息,承载各种各样的应用。5G满足超大带宽、超高容量、超可靠性、随时随地可接入性等需求。

简而言之,在5G时代可以实现无与伦比的快、什么都能通信、超实时且超可靠。试想一下,清晨醒来,灯光自动调节亮度,窗帘徐徐展开;出门时汽车自动驾驶,智能识别并避开拥堵路线;医、食、住、行完全颠覆传统……

而全新的5G网络通信技术就是开启万物互联时代的钥匙。

目前,杭州移动在打造全球最大车联网(LTE-V)试点区域、全国领先的窄带物联网领域已经迈开步伐。5G网络时代近在眼前,今后,杭州是否依然能够独领风骚,走在全国前列?

“现在移动已经率先实施了应用先行,把一部分5G技术提前应用到了4G网络当中。”岑曙炜说,今年下半年杭州市民就能享受到5G技术带来的便利,将运用于停车、照明、共享单车等方面。

中国5G网络商用将在2020年全面展开,5G技术4G用也正是为了迎接5G时代到来而做的准备。相信在杭州移动的努力推进下,杭州将延续4G网络时期的迎头羊地位,成为国内最早“尝鲜”5G网络的城市。

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Vodafone Idea Ltd (VIL) has finalised new network equipment supply contracts, with Chinese equipment makers Huawei and ZTEemerging major gainers at the expense of European rivals Nokia and Ericsson as India's largest telco focusses on costs in a bid to realise Rs 14,000 crore worth of annual synergies two years ahead of time.After a tight battle for the overall contract likely worth $1.3-1.4 billion (Rs 9,230-9,940 crore), Finland’s Nokia and Sweden’s Ericsson will collectively meet roughly 65% of Vodafone Idea’s network gear requirements, while the two Chinese vendors will handle the remaining 35%, people familiar with the matter said. Previously, the Europeans met some 80% of the cumulative telecom equipment needs of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular before their merger, which was completed on August 31.The newly-created telco is racing against time to merge its dual network to not just save on costs but also to kick off deepening and expansion of its 4G network and increase capacity as it lags erstwhile market leader Bharti Airtel and latest entrant Reliance Jio, and has consequently been losing subscribers. Vodafone Idea have also said it plans to refarm 2G and 3G spectrum and deploy for 4G. “Vodafone Idea will shortly place purchase orders (POs) with Nokia, Ericsson, Huawei and ZTE for 4G network gear, aggregating roughly $1.3-1.4 billion as nearly 30% of existing equipment will be reused in smaller towns to optimise costs and improve capex efficiency,” one of the people quoted above said.Another person said Vodafone Idea has stepped up gear purchases from Huawei and ZTE as both Chinese network vendors offered more attractive prices and flexibility in payment terms over two to three year-spans unlike Ericsson and Nokia, which had quoted higher rates and sought payments at the point of deployment itself.Nokia and Ericsson though still bagged more circles—nine and eight respectively, to Huawei’s seven and ZTE’s five, all of which were shared with another vendor. Nokia currently provides networks equipment to the combined Vodafone-Idea Cellular entity in 15 circles, followed by Ericsson in 14 circles. Huawei and ZTE supply equipment to VIL in seven and three circles, respectively.In a major win for the Chinese companies, Huawei bagged the latest contracts for both Delhi and Chennai metros, while Ericsson didn’t get a single metro circle. Nokia got Mumbai and Kolkata, and shared the Tamil Nadu circle with Huawei, though it lost out on Chennai. Nokia and Ericsson declined comment while Vodafone Idea, Huawei and ZTE didn’t respond to ET’s emailed queries.Balesh Sharma, chief executive officer of Vodafone Idea, told analysts on Wednesday that the operator had completed its vendor selections for circles and zones. The company, in a presentation, also said it had brought forward by two years to FY21 the annual Rs 14,000-crore run-rate for costs and capex synergies.The latest contracts come as a breather for both Huawei and ZTE who have been facing severe revenue challenges in India due to rapid consolidation in the telecom service provider market, besides facing headwinds in some global markets due to security concerns. Both these vendors have got more circles than previously estimated, due to the mobile phone operator’s focus on keeping costs in check, another person said. "While initially, Vodafone Idea was veering towards the European vendors, Idea’s previous experiences with the Chinese players, especially in terms of running a tight ship, tilted the scales," the person said.The company is facing intense financial pressure. Vodafone Idea posted a loss of Rs 4,974 crore and an earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation margin of 8.1% for the quarter ended September, raising concerns about its ability to service debt that has ballooned to more than Rs 1.15 lakh crore.Rohan Dhamija, partner and head of India & Middle East at Analysys Mason, said Vodafone Idea could have thought about giving more circles to fewer vendors to get bigger volume discounts, which would have helped them in financially turbulent times."However, the decision could be driven by the complexity of the two merged networks, hence the need for enrolling specific vendors in specific circles."
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