移动互联网需从车开始,5G芯片给中国厂商带来哪些机会

Release time:2017-06-27
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source:人民邮电报
reading:105

前不久,2017年IMT-2020(5G)峰会在京召开,国内移动通信产业链的精锐悉数亮相——全球前五大移动网络设备供应商中华为、中兴,全球前五大智能手机厂商中华为、OPPO、vivo,全球前三大智能手机芯片厂商中的展讯等厂商全都出席会议。的确,经过了“2G跟随,3G突破,4G同步”的进阶之后,移动通信领域的中国力量已经今非昔比。

缺“心”少“魂”,仍需发力

正是由于在芯片、操作系统这些最关键领域受制于人,才出现了以下这些尴尬:

中国智能手机全行业利润远远赶不上苹果一家公司;

iOS系统下的微信打赏正面临要被苹果公司收30%过路费;

困窘似乎还远不止于此——“当前存在一个有‘五大怪’的操作系统:需要手机OEM厂商投入超过20倍人力修补;需要工信部出面规范消息推送标准;需要每个OEM厂商都有自己的安全卫士;需要OEM厂商国内国外迅速变脸;忽视了一个最大移动终端——汽车。”就在几天前的2017年YunOS开发者大会上,阿里巴巴集团技术委员会主席王坚就像那个说皇帝没穿衣服的小孩一样,吐了几句槽:“这绝不是万物互联时代操作系统应有的样子。”

“即将到来的万物互联时代中,所有连接节点都离不开芯片,同时除了极少数特殊应用案例,几乎所有的节点都离不开操作系统,所以,在5G时代,自主的芯片和操作系统显得更加重要和紧迫。”5G峰会期间,展讯通信全球副总裁康一在接受记者采访时表示。

比如,在眼下已经风生水起的车联网领域,自主的芯片和操作系统更是一件比天还大的事情。前不久在国内上映的大片《速度和激情8》中,恐怖分子控制了纽约市所有联网的汽车,使得这些汽车都成为恐怖分子随意操控的移动路障甚至作案帮凶,这是多么可怕的一幕!因此,在万物互联时代,如果无法实现自主可控,那不联网比联网要好很多。这还是普通消费者的一个基本考虑。万物互联的目的还远不止于此。

移动通信呼唤产业新变量

在分析“五大怪”出现原因时,王坚表示,做“五大怪”操作系统的人并没有认真思考,如何在手机或者汽车上为消费者打造一个良好的生态环境。这就留给我们自己来实现吧。

刚刚发布的YunOS6系统让汽车第一次跑在了互联网上,甚至可以说标志着YunOS作为操作系统,已经跨越了软件与硬件整合的基本门槛。搭载了YunOS6系统的全球首款互联网汽车荣威RX5成为“新车月销王”,在分享成功原因时,上汽集团乘用车公司俞经民副总经理指出,“互联网汽车是一场更深刻的解放:通过语音交互、在线地图、智能服务、支付等功能,互联网汽车在操作上做减法、更人性,在体验上做乘法、更舒适。”

在位置方面,展讯的“4G+米级快速定位北斗芯片”已经发布。通过接入千寻位置亚米级高精度定位服务,YunOS6系统定位精度大幅提升,为用户提供更好的末段导航服务体验,同时,基于位置场景,YunOS主动提供NFC交通卡、会员卡、小区门禁卡等可信服务,并在海外提供eSIM功能。

据介绍,如今YunOS已经是全新架构的操作系统,和安卓已没有任何关系。相比安卓,YunOS有了更好的应用,流畅度也要更高。依托于大数据、电子商务、互联网服务,YunOS可以为中国使用者带来更多接地气的内容。

“2016年移动制式进网机型YunOS占比提升500%;联合推出YunOS移动定制版手机,促进移动和阿里两大生态融合;合力打造搭载YunOS系统的中国移动A3手机,上市3个月出货量超过100万台,获得市场和用户认可。”基于已经取得的成绩,中国移动终端公司研发部总经理刘钧毅表示,接下来将与YunOS携手,以更快捷的网络和更轻快的操作系统,让普及型终端告别卡顿;以更安全的网络和操作系统,确保用户全面安全;以更强、更开放的网络和更丰富的应用,改变人们的生活。

5G时代迎头赶上

“移动互联网从车开始才是大赢家。”这点已是业界的共识。据GSMA预测,2018年全球车联网渗透率将超过20%,2025年有望实现所有汽车联网。随着5G、人工智能等技术的发展,车联网业务形态将快速丰富,应用普及将进一步激活车联网的市场潜力。在5G峰会上,IMT-2020(5G)推进组副主席王晓云表示,车联网将成为5G标准研究的下一步重点。为此,5G推进组最近特地成立蜂窝车联工作组(C-V2X工作组),全面负责组织开展LTE-V2X和5G-V2X的技术研究、试验验证及产业与应用推广等工作。

未来YunOS会成为互联网汽车的一个平台,王坚还透露除了上汽,还有另外一家汽车品牌加入YunOS的互联网汽车阵营,汽车方面YunOS有很多想象空间。YunOS从手机起步,然后推向了汽车,由于在汽车领域的成功探索和实践,反过来促进了其在手机领域的进步。

5G虽然给芯片厂商带来重重挑战,但是展讯会提早加入5G芯片的研发过程中,不会再重复2G/3G/4G时代的模式。康一表示,在低频方面,展讯可以在2019年到2020年商用射频芯片。在毫米波等较高频段,展讯已经开始做高频器件的研发工作,希望2020年以后能够赶上高频段的5G进程。展讯正在开发原型机第二版,计划在2018年下半年推出第一个5G芯片,将按照R15的NSA版本研发。展讯计划在2019年推出支持移动互联网SA或多模的5G芯片,支持产业链的5G研发,为5G的商用做好准备。希望在5G时代,展讯能够紧跟世界研究进展,争取成为第一批提供5G商用芯片的公司。

虽然现在就断言在5G时代我们完全能摆脱缺“心”少“魂”的局面为之尚早,但是无论是YunOS或者是展讯这样的民族力量的崛起,无疑是为我们在5G时代争取到了更多的话语权。

中国政府已宣布2020年实现5G商用,而实际上运营商对5G态度更为积极,中国移动已宣布将于今年启动5G外场试验,2018年实现预商用试验,2019年完成预商用规模试验。5G网络、智能操作系统、智能终端,是万物互联时代启动的三大必要条件,从YunOS到越来越多的国产芯片,我们正在变得越来越强大。

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Planning for security in 5G networks requires a whole new approach compared to previous-generation networks to protect network infrastructure, according to a new technical report on 5G architecture and security published by the U.K. government.With 5G rollouts planned in some form or another around the world this year, the very fact that the architecture opens up opportunities for multiple players to operate on the network (rather than just a single network operator) could significantly increase the attack surface for connected devices, autonomous vehicles, and other use cases flagged up for 5G. Hence, the report suggests that a whole new mobile security strategy is needed and makes four significant security-based recommendations that the authors believe will protect vital infrastructure."Since the age of 2G, mobile networks have been some of the most secure things on the planet, helped by the fact that each one is controlled by a single network operator," said Peter Claydon, project director of AutoAir, one of the 5G testbeds in the U.K. that contributed to the report. "5G opens up mobile networks, allowing network operators to provide 'slices' of their networks to customers. Also, customers’ data can be offloaded and processed at the edge of the network without going through the secure network core. This report is a timely reminder of the security challenges that these new features raise."Regius Professor Rahim Tafazolli, founding director of the 5G Innovation Centre at the University of Surrey, added, 'Performance risk in such a complex network means that we need to reconsider many of our digital security processes."The report was produced as part of the U.K.’s 5G Testbed and Trials program, a government initiative to ensure that the U.K. plays a key role in 5G development. Three of the six 5G testbeds contributed to the report, along with the University of Surrey’s 5G Innovation Centre. The three testbeds were AutoAir, which is testing transport use cases; 5G RuralFirst, which is testing the use of 5G to enhance rural communities, and the Worcestershire 5G Testbed, which is testing industrial use cases of 5G.Key highlights are the challenges and inevitable trade-offs between cost, security, and performance in the development and deployment of 5G. In a new environment of multiple use cases, each with different performance requirements, along with the expected introduction of new market players, alignment and cooperation between parties will be essential. In addition, systems will need to be "secure by design," and new approaches, including the use of artificial intelligence (AI), will be required.New ways will be required to predict and pre-validate 5G network connections, leveraging mobile AI-based autonomous network technologies — from mobile phones and smart industrial machines to health-monitoring devices and smart home consumer devices. The networks will need to quickly and efficiently recognize these devices and confirm that they are secure without compromising user experience and performance. The paper also recommends:A cross-layered process that will allow end-to-end security for critical services such as the transport and logistics, health and social care, Industry 4.0, and rural connectivity solutions.An organization that is tasked to help monitor and encourage good security-by-design practice and set out and document an approach to designing secure 5G networks, applications, and services.Further testing of standards and security capability using existing U.K. test beds.The report highlights the scale of the challenge. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) vision for 5G outlines use cases with very diverse technical performance and system requirements, requiring mobile networks to interconnect with different non-3GPP network technologies. It says that this cannot be achieved by a single network operator in their own domain, and hence, secured and trusted network-to-network interoperability is essential.The 3GPP’s 5G specifications define interfaces for inter-network communications, but further work is necessary to evolve interface functionality, performance, and security. To realize seamless interoperability, effective partnerships will be necessary between different network operators and equipment owners, such as transport companies, rural and local communities and authorities, and publicly funded organizations. To achieve end-to-end security, network boundaries need to be secured across all borders.Adding to the complexity are interconnection of 3GPP and non-3GPP networks, new 5G use cases with diverse requirements, and new 5G technologies, including evolutionary approaches in the mobile network. This adds new security vulnerabilities with a significantly larger attack surface, making it essential to thoroughly evaluate the risks and vulnerabilities and identify work items to alleviate them.The various challenges to deploy secure 5G networks while meeting the requirements of different 5G use cases also creates a trade-off challenge between network performance and security. The combination of increased network-to-network complexity, end-to-end cross-layer system security, and critical applications will mean that conventional security methods will not be feasible.Hence, new technology will be required to meet these challenges to prevent conventional security approaches compromising the required 5G performance. Context-aware networks and AI can process context transfer patterns and correlate them with user, device, application, and security context metadata to make predictive decisions. This will assist the network to make sure that the system setup is one step ahead of the dynamics of the user equipment behavior and context, therefore predicting and pre-validating the required end-to-end security and connection in advance of the device requesting the service.
2019-01-08 00:00 reading:477
Sivers IMA, developer of mmWave products, said that it will jointly develop a 5G base station chip with RF power product company Ampleon, which it expects to bring to market by the end of 2019.Both companies will jointly develop the product, and Ampleon will part-fund the Sivers IMA development by approximately MSEK 3.5 (about $400K). Ampleon will be the main sales channel to Tier-One OEMs for the product resulting from the project.Ampleon supplies sub-6-GHz RF power solutions for 4G and 5G cellular base stations, with the top macro cell telecom network OEMs among its customers. The new chip is being developed in response to demand from top-tier OEMs for state-of-the-art mmWave technology for their next-generation 5G base stations. The partnership aims to bring mmWave components to the market by the end of 2019.Anders Storm, CEO of Sivers IMA, said that it has already been working with Ampleon over the last year as part of a 5G consortium along with Fujikura and other undisclosed partners, which has resulted in a 28-GHz 5G transceiver chip, the TRX BF02, that is now ready for customer testing. The current chip will be able to address the small cell and customer premises equipment (CPE) market for fixed wireless access and some other use cases. The new chip development takes this one step further, to address specific demands from top-tier OEMs, to also offer a solution for 5G base stations.WiGig chip ready for volume productionSiver IMA also announced that its TRX BF01 WiGig chip is ready for volume production, having qualified to the JEDEC standard JESD47JE (“stress-test-driven qualification of integrated circuits”), a global industry standard to ensure component reliability. Qualification tests consist of various stress-related tests, including simulated use over a long period of time (more than 10 years in normal use) and resistance to cold, heat, voltage, humidity, and electrostatic discharge. The TRX BF01 is a wireless multi-gigabyte chip that can be used for next-generation unlicensed 5G for fixed wireless access (FWA) to the home or mesh networks for backhaul. Sivers IMA claims that it is the only chip that can use the entire unlicensed 5G band all the way from 57 GHz to 71 GHz, a band now available throughout the United States and England to be used as free and unlicensed 5G spectrum.The TRX BF01 has already sold to Cambridge Communication Systems (CCS), which is now building unlicensed 5G systems around England in multiple locations. This month, CCS announced that its Metnet 60G unlicensed mmWave wireless solution delivering up to 12 Gbps per radio is now live in the historic center of Bath in England, delivering gigabit backhaul to support interactive 5G smart tourism applications and enhanced visual experiences using augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technology.The deployment and go-live of CCS’s Metnet 60-GHz self-organizing mesh radios across the center of Bath is part of the 5G testbed program in the U.K. The test network is being delivered by key partners — including CCS, BT, Zeetta, InterDigital, and University of Bristol Smart Internet Lab — to demonstrate self-provision of 5G and Wi-Fi plus mmWave backhaul capabilities from CCS. The network demonstrates innovative use of the new 57- to 71-GHz unlicensed band and highlights the huge potential for the 14 GHz of spectrum — recently opened up by U.K. regulator Ofcom — for enabling the delivery of ubiquitous high-speed connectivity through gigabit 5G fixed wireless access services
2019-01-07 00:00 reading:398
Keysight Technologies today released the results of the Keysight 2018 State of 5G survey, which reveals that companies primarily invest in 5G technology to secure market leadership, meet customer demand, and take advantage of flexible and scalable networks.The Keysight 2018 State of 5G Survey shows more than half (54 percent) of companies surveyed are already adopting 5G technologies with 46 percent citing securing market leadership early in the 5G lifecycle as the primary driver for their investments. And, more than two thirds of respondents said they are actively seeking 5G test solutions to accelerate the development or rollout out of 5G technology.“To meet customer demand and establish market leadership, equipment manufacturers and service providers need early access to 5G test tools and capabilities,” said Kailash Narayanan, vice president and general manager of Wireless Devices and Operators at Keysight Technologies. “Keysight’s close collaborations with industry consortia and market leaders, deep technical experts, and end-to-end 5G test solutions are empowering the mobile industry to accelerate 5G product design development and commercialization.”Most respondents (63 percent) of the Keysight survey expect higher reliability and lower latency to create the biggest impact from 5G technology. These aspects are important to address new business opportunities. Respondents indicated that the top three benefits of implementing 5G technology are faster networks, greater IoT enablement, and connected car proliferation.By leveraging new and existing technologies including wider bandwidths in millimeter-wave frequencies, massive MIMO and virtualized networks, 5G will deliver a multitude of benefits to meet customer demand across a wide range of vertical industries.“The fact that many respondents are looking for test solutions means that those inventing and deploying the technology want to ensure their implementations perform as expected while securing a market leadership position,” stated Roger Nichols, 5G program manager at Keysight Technologies. “Many of these technologies, or combinations of technologies, are new to the radio communications world, which is why the industry is looking for tools to help them analyze, design, measure, and validate designs that rely on these technologies.”
2018-11-28 00:00 reading:285
A new report from International Data Corporation (IDC) presents IDC's inaugural forecast for the worldwide 5G network infrastructure market for the period 2018–2022. It follows the release of IDC's initial forecasts for Telecom Virtual Network Functions (VNF) and Network Functions Virtualization Infrastructure (NFVI) in September and August 2018, respectively.With the first instances of 5G services rolling out in the fourth quarter of 2018, 2019 is set to be a seminal year in the mobile industry. 5G handsets will begin to hit the market and end-users will be able to experience 5G technology firsthand.From an infrastructure standpoint, the mobile industry continues to trial innovative solutions that leverage new spectrum, network virtualization, and machine learning and artificial intelligence (ML/AI) to create new value from existing network services. While these and other enhancements will play a critical role, 5G NR represents a key milestone in the next mobile generation, enabling faster speeds and enhanced capacity at lower cost per bit. Even as select cities begin to experience 5G NR today, the full breadth of 5G's potential will take several years to arrive, which will require additional standards work and trials, particularly related to a 5G NG core.In addition to 5G NR and 5G NG core, procurement patterns indicate communications service providers (SPs) will need to invest in adjacent domains, including backhaul and NFVI, to support the continued push to cloud-native, software-led architectures.Combined, IDC expects the total 5G and 5G-related network infrastructure market (5G RAN, 5G NG core, NFVI, routing and optical backhaul) to grow from approximately $528 million in 2018 to $26 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 118%. IDC expects 5G RAN to be the largest market sub-segment through the forecast period, in line with prior mobile generations."Early 5G adopters are laying the groundwork for long-term success by investing in 5G RAN, NFVI, optical underlays, and next-generation routers and switches. Many are also in the process of experimenting with the 5G NG core. The long-term benefit of making these investments now will be when the standards-compliant SA 5G core is combined with a fully virtualized, cloud-ready RAN in the early 2020s. This development will enable many communications SPs to expand their value proposition and offer customized services across a diverse set of enterprise verticals through the use of network slicing," says Patrick Filkins, senior research analyst, IoT and Mobile Network Infrastructure.The report, Worldwide 5G Network Infrastructure Forecast, 2018-2022 (IDC #US44392218), presents IDC's inaugural forecast for the 5G network infrastructure market. Revenue is forecast for both the 5G RAN and 5G NG Core segments and each of the three related sub-segments (NFVI, Routing Backhaul, and Optical Backhaul). The report also provides a market overview, including drivers and challenges for communications service providers and advice for technology suppliers.
2018-11-15 00:00 reading:427
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